Millions of people struggle every night to fall asleep and yet you always wondered if you are the only one cursed in the world who isn’t sound asleep. Insomnia is a critical medical condition that must be treated with evidence-based medicine because it is linked to diabetes, hypertension and depression.
Insomnia needs to be taken seriously as about 25% of adults have sleeping problems and of them 10% have insomnia disorder. People who suffer from insomnia find it difficult to fall or stay asleep, there is a lack of restorative sleep and the daytime symptoms like mood disorders, trouble concentrating and fatigue.
Some of the problems associated with insomnia are:
- The risk of suffering from depression and anxiety.
- The risk of developing hypertension multiples as lack of sleep. This is because when you sleep, the heart rate and blood pressure normally dips by 10-20%, but if you sleep less, the heart rate and blood pressure increases over 24 hours. This puts additional strain on the cardiovascular system. With time, cardiovascular system becomes used to operating at elevated pressures all the time.
- The risk of developing diabetes and congestive heart failure in addition to the risk of death.
- The risk of alcohol or drug abuse is seven times more likely in comparison to normal people.
- The risk of recurrence is high. The study shows that in 70% cases insomnia recurs within a year and in 50% cases it reoccur up to three years.
Insomnia is a silent killer. To tackle this disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the safest methods in use. CBT doesn’t rely on drugs, but use techniques such as stimulus control, meditation, sleep restriction and education to promote better sleep. The other way to treat insomnia is by adopting sleep hygiene. It is essential to establish a regular bedtime routine, regulate mealtimes and fluid consumption and limit the consumption of caffeine.